NEWSLETTER January 2003
WHATS NEW ?
IMPORTANT NOTE. click here for NEW
PHYTOSANITARY Certificate news, EXDOC.
NOTE click here for USA importers. Phytos & Permits.
Dendrobium Ceretobe species New Guinea.Photo right.
Dendrobium teretifolium fasciculatum, Oncidium
splendidum, Dendrobium gracilicaule
Ascocentrum curvifolium, Trichoglottis loheriana,
to replate. Cattleya
schilleriana "coerulea", Phalaenopsis schilleriana, Stanhopea candida,
Sarcochilus cecileae "Cleveland Bay", Sarcochilus roseus.
Conservation by Seed. Pollination.
Important New Phyto news, electronic generated Phytosanitary
Certificates. Worldwide exchange of seed and protocorm. Permits
USA. Bank Fees, hidden costs.
www.speciesorchids.com A large number of new photos now on the web
Your Message on the net.
Put your message IN FRONT of the international
readers of this Newsletter each month or on YOUR PAGE on the net.
Plants, Flasks, Books.
supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes
for sale. Email
now for a list of available species orchid seed.
on hand. Some species flask
that can be shipped NOW.
Requests. Click here for Flask
It is our policy to avoid spam, so lists are sent on
Photos in this issue, above
Dendrobium ceretobe species New Guinea courtesy M.Pritchard.
Dendrobium gracilicaule, Dendrobium teretifolium,
Oncidium splendidum, Ascocentrum curvifolium, Trichoglottis
loheriana, Trichoglottis latisepala, Cattleya schilleriana coerulea, Phalaenopsis
schilleriana, Stanhopea candida (Tony Wilson),Sarcochilus cecileae "Cleveland Bay", Sarcochilus
are links to photos/articles..
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Dendrobium Ceretobe species New Guinea. Photo
above. Recently found, under review as a new species. Ceretobe Dendrobiums
are robust species, and will develop into a large plant with adequate
fertiliser and water when in growth. A large pot or basket in a rich media
that drains well, a drier winter, and protection from cold are required.
Dendrobium gracilicaule. Photo
right.A plant of the edges of the rainforest. The tall gracefull
canes bear clusters of yellow fragrant flowers. Best grown in a small well
drained pot or basket, with plenty of sunlight and a drier rest in the
cooler months. An endemic Australian species.
Dendrobium teretifolium var fasciculatum.This
species gets its name from the long terete pencil like leaf. The pendulous
spike is plume like, with white flowers, purple stripes in the labellum,
and is highly fragrant. Dendrobium teretifolium is best grown on
a treefern slab or small basket, with maximum sunlight and must have good
drainage. The plant creeps and is pendulous. A native of eastern Queensland,
the northern variety fasciculatum is somewhat larger.
Oncidium splendidum. Tall spikes
of large golden yellow flowers.This is a semiterestrial species from Honduras.
It requires a well drained media, a pot or large
treefern mount, with lots of water when in active growth and a dry rest
when not. The flowers are spectacular and produced on tall spikes. Warm
to intermediate grower.
Ascocentrum curvifolium from
Thailand produces brilliant orange red bottlebrushes. Flowering size plants
are currently potted in basket pots.A bright sunny position, good drainage
and warm conditions required.
Trichoglottis loheriana from
the Philippines. Advanced seedlings are also growing in small basket pots.
This is a non climbing Trichoglottis, so a basket is ideal, with conditions
similar to the Ascocentrum curvifolium. A
most unusual colour combination of green and almost black.
Trichoglottis latisepala also
from the Philippines, is a pendulous species that does well on a slab.
A small basket can also be used provided the media is open and well drained.
It will grow happily alondg with the Ascocentrum. The pink flowers are
produced along the leafy stem.
Cattleya schilleriana "coerulea", A
spectacular species, a bifoliate that requires a shallow pot or
basket, or if available, the best media is a good slab of treefern fibre.
A shade grower, it definitely rests in the cooler months and should be
then kept on the dry side. When in active growth, plenty of water and fertiliser
is of benefit, especially if grown on the treefern slab which tends to
require more water. It is not a large grower, and like Cattleya aclandeae, it will climb up a mount.
Phalaenopsis schilleriana, A Philippines species. Showy. A spectacular flowering species with mottled leaves of green with dark purple and masses of pink
flowers. Slotted pots or a basket, spaghnum moss works well for us. In
the cooler months, the plants need to be somewhat drier, but in the growing
season, lots of water and fertiliser.
Stanhopea candida, a typical Central
American Stanhopea requiring a basket for the pendulous spike to emerge
from beneath the plant. A warm to intermediate grower, the media should
be damp but not wet, and fairly shady conditions are needed unless extra
fertiliser is applied with the extra sunlight. Stanhopeas are heavy feeders
and poor leaf condition may be an indication of insufficient nutrient for
the growing plant.
cecileae "Cleveland Bay" is a native of North Queensland, Australia.
It is a rock growing species in crevices on exposed rock faces, and thus
a very well drained media, a lot of sunlight and maximum air movement are
mandatory. A robust grower in a small basket or clay pot in pieces of rock
with a little leafmould. It the dry cool months, minimal water is needed
and the plants should be kept on the dry side.
Sarcochilus roseus, below, is closely
related to S. cecileae and is grown in the same manner. It is also a rock
grower, but grows on the edges of rain forest in North Queensland.
Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at www.speciesorchids.com/photos.html
Conservation by Seed.
When setting seed pods on orchid plants, it is best to have two seperate
clones to sib cross. A clone is a distinct seperate plant, and by using
two seperate plants or clones, fertile seed results. Often a selfing (
ie using the one plant or divisions of the one plant) will not result in
This is particularly true of the more evolved species, the monopodial Vandaceous
species. While selfings are sometimes the only choice, it is always better
to use two clones, but a successful selfing will produce innumerable plants
The pollin to removed from a bottom ( of the spike) flower and transferred
to the stigma of a top ( of the spike) flower, leaving the pollin
in the top flower. This is repeated so both plants bear a pod. Where a
selfing occurs, it is best to pollinate a flower at both top and bottom
of the spike.
By leaving the pollin in the receptor flower, the flower lasts longer without
wilting, as is the case if the pollin is removed.
The pollination can also be repeated again after a few days. Usually
the first pod will burst first, giving some warning that the next one is
ready for harvesting.
Dry seed; when the pod bursts or appears to be about to, the
pod is removed and the seed shaken onto a sheet of clean note paper. The
empty pod is discarded and should not be left with seed as the fleshy pod
The note paper is then folded to form a packet, labelled with full name
and date of collection.
Green seed pod; This can be treated and the seed sown immediately
by sterilising the pod in a chlorine or peroxide solution. The pod is opened
in the clean work cabinet using scalpel or forceps and a very small
portion of seed placed into the mother flask on the point of the scalpel
or picked out with the forceps.
Transfering green pods to other places is done by wrapping the pod in tissue
paper, then in a paper or cardboard container. Green pods, and dry seed
also, should never be placed in a sealed glass or plastic container or
wrapped in plastic. Moisture from the green pod quickly turns it mouldy
and destroys the seed. Similarly, there is often enough moisture in seed
to cause mould development.
To explain the position of the pollin and stigma, the central column of
the flower has a pollin cap at the apex. Under this cap sits the pollin,
usually two or four of them, in some orchids they are attached to
little adhesive stipes. By gently lifting the pollin cap, the pollin can
be removed with something like a tooth pick.
The stigma is usually a small wet looking sticky patch on the underside
of the column, below the pollin cap. Fragrance is a good indicator that
the stigmatic surface will accept pollin. With some species, the stigmatic
surface is hidden, and there is a small slit across the column where the
pollin must be inserted, particularly in the genera such as Stanhopea,
Gongora and their relatives.
Orchids from flask; The best conservation.
If more species are cultivated like this,
then the wild populations of the species can be conserved.
More photos at
Seed of SPECIES orchids.
Cal for the latest list of seed available in packets enough
to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium,
Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post
world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
CONSERVATION BY PROPAGATION
Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available.
These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks
in your winter as they are ready to deflask now or soon.
For a list of available flasks, Click
here or email
A very attractive lady goes
up to a bar in a quiet rural pub. She gestures alluringly to the bartender
who comes over immediately. When he arrives, she seductively signals that
he should bring his face closer to hers.
When he does she begins to gently caress
his full beard. "Are you the manager?" she asks, softly stroking his face
with both hands.
"Actually, no," the man replied.
"Can you get him for me? I need to speak
to him." she says, running her hands beyond his beard and into his hair.
"I'm afraid I can't," breathes the bartender.
"Is there anything I can do?"
"Yes, there is. I need you to give him a
message," she continues, running her forefinger across the bartender's
lips and slyly popping a couple of her fingers into his mouth and allowing
him to suck them gently.
"What should I tell him?" the bartender manages
"Tell him," she whispers, "there is no toilet
paper, hand soap, or paper
towels in the ladies room."
Don't imagine you can change a man - unless
he's in diapers.
What do you do if your boyfriend walks out?
You shut the door.
If they put a man on the moon - they should
be able to put them all up there. .