July 00  Aug    Sept Oct  Nov   Dec   Jan01    Feb  Mar  April  May  June  July
Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov   Dec  Jan02  Feb  March  April  May   June   July    August    Sept   Oct
IMPORTANT NOTE.  click here for NEW PHYTOSANITARY Certificate news, EXDOC.
IMPORTANT  NOTE  click here for USA  importers. Phytos & Permits.

In FLASK.  Cymbidium findlaysonianum,Trichoglottis luzonense, Lueddemaniana pescatorei, Encyclia belizense var belizense.

In PLANTS.  Dendrobium mimiense.
Ready to replate.    Macradenia brassavoleae  Stanhopea candida  Dendrobium griffithianum Phalaenopsis violacea Sumatra  Paphiopedilum malipoense
Culture.   Panama Dove Orchid .
Did you know?   Important New Phyto news, electronic generated Phytosanitary Certificates. Worldwide exchange of seed and protocorm. Permits USA. , 
Web Site.  New Links plus more photographs up.
Your Message on the net. Put your message IN FRONT of  the international readers of this Newsletter each month or on YOUR PAGE on the net.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
Seed for saleEmail  now for a list of available species orchid seed.
Spare Flasks on hand.  Some species flask  that can be shipped NOW.
Subscribe, Unsubscribe.
Requests. Click here for  Flask List   Plant List  New Germinations  Spare flasks.
It is our policy to avoid spam, so lists are sent on request.
Photos in this issue. Above Encyclia belizense var belizense. Highlighted species are links to photos/articles.

 Items in this Newsletter may be reproduced provided source acknowledged. Do you know any orchid growers who may like to receive this newsletter? Why not forward this email to them now!
A b&w printed copy of this Newsletter can be mailed each month if you send 12 Australian stamps or 12 International reply coupons to Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery, 54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815.
We commend "Orchids Online Web Design" for the excellent work on our web site.
For information or prices click here or email Steve at
Steve is looking for Orchid Society and Orchid Nursery Information to include on his site.
If you can help, why not visit his website at and fill in
the online form now
New in Flask.
Cymbidium findlaysonianum. A warm to intermediate growing species that will develop into a large specimen in a basket. It requires a rich Cymbidium media, lots of water when growing and can be used as a garden subject if hung. The pendulous spikes bear many  yellow striped red  fragrant flowers. It comes from South East Asia.
Trichoglottis luzonense. A Philippines species that looks like a robust Vanda. It also does well in a basket in a well drained media, and requires a little more shade. The erect to arching raceme is  branched, with many yellow flowers blotched and barred redbrown. The flowers resemble those of the genus Arachnis, but unlike that genus, the flowers are produced on a panicle and the plant is short and stocky.
Lueddemanniana pescatorei. A species from Venezuela to Peru, It grows much the same way as Stanhopea, a basket with a rich media that will stay damp but not wet. An intermediate grower, it produces long spikes , to 2 metres ( 6 feet), of  many orange, red spotted flowers with an orange yellow labellum. Flowers are about 3 cm  in diameter.
Encyclia belizense var belizense. Photo above, This is a reasonably small growing Encyclia from Belize, the former Honduras.
Best grown intermediate to warm in a small pot or basket, use a welldrained media, lots of sunlight and ventilation. The spikes are erect, with up to a dozen colourful fragrant flowers that last well.  Encyclias are intolerent of stale conditions, and benefit from excellent air movement and drainage.
New in Plants.
 Dendrobium mimiense  is a species from New Guinea that is very similar to Dendrobium ophioglossum  aka  Dend capituliflorum. It produces clusters of green and white flowers at the stem nodes. It is a bottle brush dendrobe, grows best in a small well drained pot or on a mount with extra water.
It is a tropical species and requires warmth and bright light, and when in active growth, lots of water.
Flowering size plants are developing well on cork mounts.
Ready to Replate.
  Macradenia brassavoleae. Dwarf Oncidium like species. Flowers to 3 cm, chestnut edged white to yellow, lip white. Best grown in a very small pot or on a piece of treefern with extra water, under similar conditions as Oncidiums. Intermediate grower, will clump and produce multiple spikes.
Stanhopea candida is a warm grower, seems to be free flowering. The flowers are pure white, fragrant. Grown as a typical Stanhopea, a basket for the pendulous spikes, and a media that will stay damp but not soggy wet.
Dendrobium griffithianum  Large bunches of yellow  flowers, fragrant, like an all yellow Dend farmerii and grown the same way. See August02  newsletter for culture article.
Phalaenopsis violacea. Sumatra. Waxy white flowers, the lateral sepals violet purple. This species is a warm grower but will tolerate cooler conditions. It does well in a basket in a well drained media, and must have excellent air movement as most phalaenopsis are intolerent of wet stale conditions.
Paphiopedilum malipoense.China. Large green and white and yellow flowers. The plant is mottled and is a fine foliage plant as well. Best grown in a pot large enough to accomodate the plant without being overpotted. It is an intermediate to cool grower and may tolerate extra sunlight. A typical paph media is used.
Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.   Of Doves & Pigeons.
     When I started growing orchids, one of the prominent local growers was Jack, who grew the best orchids he could get. One of his fine orchids  was a huge specimen of Peristeria elata that Jack grew in a large terra-cotta  or cement pan. I think it was growing in quincan gravel ( scoria) , but you could not see the surface for the jampacked large bulbs.
     This species  from Panama and other Central American countries, is one of about 6 in the genus. They are not all terrestrials like P. elata, a couple being epiphytes.
     Peristeria elata grows best in a media similar to that used for Phaius, a good rich leaf-mould and well drained coarse sandy soil, well crocked.
     Seasonal in growth, it rests during our cooler dry winter and in spring starts new growth. At that time copious water and fertiliser will produce tall spikes for Christmas, of waxy, fragrant white flowers.
     The lobes of the labellum are so shaped, with the column as a head and beak, to give it its common name of Panama dove orchid, of which country it is the national flower. A native of the forest edges, it has about the same light requirements as Dendrobiums, short of leaf burn.
     We knew the terrestrial Peristeria as the Panama dove orchid, and the epiphyte Dendrobium crumenatum as both the pigeon or white dove orchid. Different places had different common names.
     The species does well in our area and while it is a large growing species, it is well worth the space to grow. If sheltered, it will grow in the garden, out of the direct sun and wind. The pot should be well crocked, and placed on a stand to allow full drainage.
    We all grow orchids for different reasons, and perhaps we associate particular orchids with the people we know, or knew, like Jack and the Panama dove. Maybe there is someone you will remember, next time you see a dove or pigeon orchid. Ian Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery. Species highlighted are links to more details.
     Postscript;  Burleigh Park has recently sent tubed protocorm material of Peristeria elata to Panama!! We trust it is successfully cultivated and contributes to  the conservation of the native Panama plants of Peristeria elata. If more species are cultivated like this, then the wild populations of the species can be conserved.
 More photos at
Did you know ?
From the end of 2002, Australian Quarantine Inspection Service switches to an electronic generation of Phytosanitary Certificates. This new system is called  EXDOC, and Phytosanitary Certificates are printed on security paper at the point of export.
We suggest that importers ask their local  Inspection Office if they are aware of this new system and that Certificates  will appear different to the previous forms.
No problems are anticipated as we are assured all countries accept EXDOC, but it comes down to the person at the final inspection, we trust they also know!
Most countries accept the international standard Phytosanitary Certificate for the importation of plants and flasks where required. Some countries require additional declarations and these are detailed on that countries Import Permits.
Australian  Phytosanitary Certificates will only list additional declarations if an Import Permit is supplied with the requirements detailed on the Permit.
Countries now requiring a Phytosanitary Certificate  ( standard ) include USA, Canada ( flasks), Israel, Vanuatu, New Zealand, Japan and Sweden.
Countries that require additional declarations include Reunion, Tahiti, Canada ( plants only), so an Import Permit must be supplied.
For details on other countries email click here    and lists will be emailed to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed, you will then know where to find them again.
IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS  imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate.
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still  CITES  exempt.
Click here    for the full details previously published.
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits  mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you. We recommend that importers obtain all required permits for their country, in the long run this saves a lot of trouble and redtape, to say nothing of wear and tear on yourself and the orchids/flasks being imported.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Bank Transfers by EFT. It has come to our attention that some Banks when they Electronic Funds Transfer may put the transfer thru an intermediary Bank. The originating Bank will charge you their Fee, but the intermediary Bank also then deducts another Fee.
Customers should ask their Bank about ALL Fees, as the customer has paid for a service, which is then charged for again. Surely it is the originating Banks responsibility, and cost, to complete the transaction that has been paid for by the customer.
Web site.
More Photographs Up
Check out our  web page
  Year 2000  winner of  "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
EMAIL address     Your Message on the net.
If you would like to have your message sent to over 1200  ORCHID GROWERS each month via this Newsletter, contact can also be arranged. With in excess of 5000 visits to the website per MONTH, you can get your message to active INTERNATIONAL orchid growers 7/24. MESSAGE PAGE
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive rare plant or book !
Orchid Auction Site
Flask supplies.
Flasking medias; click on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking orchids.
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.
Non Absorbant Cottonwool  NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls,
click contact us NOW.
Seed of SPECIES orchids.
Email  Cal  for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email  
or  Click  here.
  Two ladies were discussing marriage.
One said "I've been married 4 times!!"
The first man was a wealthy businessman, the second was a poor actor, the third was a clergyman and my current husband is an undertaker.
 So it was really a matter of one for the money, two for the show, three to get ready and four to go.

A man had great tickets for the State of Origin decider. As he sits down, another man comes down and asks if anyone is sitting in the seat next to him.
"No," he says. "The seat is empty."
"This is incredible!" said the man. "Who in their right mind would have a seat like this for the 3rd and final Origin, the biggest sporting event in the world, and not use it?"
He says, "Well, actually, the seat belongs to me. My wife was supposed to come with me, but she passed away. This is the first State of Origin we haven't been to together since we got married."
"Oh ... I'm sorry to hear that. That's terrible. But couldn't you find someone else - a friend or relative, or even a neighbour to take the seat?
The man shakes his head...
"No. They're all at her funeral."

     Laws of  the Universe.
The journey of a thousand miles begins with a broken fan belt or a leaky tire.
It's always darkest before dawn. So if you're going to steal your neighbor's newspaper, that's the time to do it.
Sex is like air. It's not important unless you  aren't getting any.

To have your name  added or removed from the mailing list, email   click here
"Unsubscribe me please!"   or   click here
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008