NEWSLETTER November 2002
WHATS NEW ?
IMPORTANT NOTE. click here for NEW
PHYTOSANITARY Certificate news, EXDOC.
NOTE click here for USA importers. Phytos & Permits.
Cymbidium findlaysonianum,Trichoglottis luzonense, Lueddemaniana pescatorei,
Encyclia belizense var belizense.
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A warm to intermediate growing species that will develop into a large specimen
in a basket. It requires a rich Cymbidium media, lots of water when growing
and can be used as a garden subject if hung. The pendulous spikes bear
many yellow striped red fragrant flowers. It comes from South
luzonense. A Philippines species
that looks like a robust Vanda. It also does well in a basket in
a well drained media, and requires a little more shade. The erect to arching
raceme is branched, with many yellow flowers blotched and barred
redbrown. The flowers resemble those of the genus Arachnis, but
unlike that genus, the flowers are produced on a panicle and the plant
is short and stocky.
A species from Venezuela to Peru, It grows much the same way as Stanhopea,
a basket with a rich media that will stay damp but not wet. An intermediate
grower, it produces long spikes , to 2 metres ( 6 feet), of many
orange, red spotted flowers with an orange yellow labellum. Flowers are
about 3 cm in diameter.
Encyclia belizense var belizense.
Photo above, This is a reasonably small
growing Encyclia from Belize, the former Honduras.
Best grown intermediate to warm in a small pot or basket, use a
welldrained media, lots of sunlight and ventilation. The spikes are erect,
with up to a dozen colourful fragrant flowers that last well. Encyclias
are intolerent of stale conditions, and benefit from excellent air movement
Dendrobium mimiense is a species from
New Guinea that is very similar to Dendrobium ophioglossum
aka Dend capituliflorum. It produces clusters of green
and white flowers at the stem nodes. It is a bottle brush dendrobe,
grows best in a small well drained pot or on a mount with extra water.
It is a tropical species and requires warmth and bright light,
and when in active growth, lots of water.
Flowering size plants are developing well on cork mounts.
Macradenia brassavoleae. Dwarf Oncidium
like species. Flowers to 3 cm, chestnut edged white to yellow, lip white.
Best grown in a very small pot or on a piece of treefern with extra water,
under similar conditions as Oncidiums. Intermediate grower,
will clump and produce multiple spikes.
candida is a warm grower, seems to be free flowering. The flowers
are pure white, fragrant. Grown as a typical Stanhopea, a basket
for the pendulous spikes, and a media that will stay damp but not soggy
griffithianum Large bunches of yellow flowers,
fragrant, like an all yellow Dend farmerii and grown the same way.
newsletter for culture article.
violacea. Sumatra. Waxy white flowers, the lateral sepals violet
purple. This species is a warm grower but will tolerate cooler conditions.
It does well in a basket in a well drained media, and must have excellent
air movement as most phalaenopsis are intolerent of wet stale conditions.
malipoense.China. Large green and white and yellow flowers.
The plant is mottled and is a fine foliage plant as well. Best grown in
a pot large enough to accomodate the plant without being overpotted. It
is an intermediate to cool grower and may tolerate extra sunlight. A typical
paph media is used.
Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at http://www.speciesorchids.com/photos.html
Of Doves & Pigeons.
When I started growing orchids, one of the prominent
local growers was Jack, who grew the best orchids he could get. One of
his fine orchids was a huge specimen of Peristeria
elata that Jack grew in a large terra-cotta or cement pan. I
think it was growing in quincan gravel ( scoria) , but you could not see
the surface for the jampacked large bulbs.
to replate. Macradenia
brassavoleae Stanhopea candida Dendrobium griffithianum Phalaenopsis
violacea Sumatra Paphiopedilum malipoense
Panama Dove Orchid .
Important New Phyto news, electronic generated Phytosanitary
Certificates. Worldwide exchange of seed and protocorm. Permits
www.speciesorchids.com New Links plus more photographs up.
Your Message on the net.
Put your message IN FRONT of the international
readers of this Newsletter each month or on YOUR PAGE on the net.
Plants, Flasks, Books.
supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes
for sale. Email
now for a list of available species orchid seed.
on hand. Some species flask
that can be shipped NOW.
Requests. Click here for Flask
It is our policy to avoid spam, so lists are sent on
Photos in this issue. Above
Encyclia belizense var belizense. Highlighted
species are links to photos/articles.
This species from Panama and other Central
American countries, is one of about 6 in the genus. They are not all terrestrials
like P. elata, a couple being epiphytes.
Peristeria elata grows best in a media
similar to that used for Phaius, a good rich leaf-mould and well drained
coarse sandy soil, well crocked.
Seasonal in growth, it rests during our cooler
dry winter and in spring starts new growth. At that time copious water
and fertiliser will produce tall spikes for Christmas, of waxy, fragrant
The lobes of the labellum are so shaped, with
the column as a head and beak, to give it its common name of Panama dove
orchid, of which country it is the national flower. A native of the forest
edges, it has about the same light requirements as Dendrobiums,
short of leaf burn.
We knew the terrestrial Peristeria as the
Panama dove orchid, and the epiphyte Dendrobium crumenatum as both
the pigeon or white dove orchid. Different places had different common
The species does well in our area and while
it is a large growing species, it is well worth the space to grow. If sheltered,
it will grow in the garden, out of the direct sun and wind. The pot should
be well crocked, and placed on a stand to allow full drainage.
We all grow orchids for different reasons, and perhaps
we associate particular orchids with the people we know, or knew, like
Jack and the Panama dove. Maybe there is someone you will remember, next
time you see a dove or pigeon orchid. Ian Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid
Nursery. Species highlighted are links to more details.
Postscript; Burleigh Park
has recently sent tubed protocorm material of Peristeria elata to Panama!!
We trust it is successfully cultivated and contributes to the conservation
of the native Panama plants of Peristeria elata. If more species are cultivated
like this, then the wild populations of the species can be conserved.
More photos at
you know ?
From the end of 2002, Australian Quarantine Inspection Service
switches to an electronic generation of Phytosanitary Certificates. This
new system is called EXDOC, and Phytosanitary Certificates are printed
on security paper at the point of export.
We suggest that importers ask their local Inspection Office
if they are aware of this new system and that Certificates will appear
different to the previous forms.
No problems are anticipated as we are assured all countries accept
EXDOC, but it comes down to the person at the final inspection, we trust
they also know!
Most countries accept the international standard Phytosanitary
Certificate for the importation of plants and flasks where required.
Some countries require additional declarations and these are detailed on
that countries Import Permits.
Australian Phytosanitary Certificates will only list additional
declarations if an Import Permit is supplied with the requirements detailed
on the Permit.
Countries now requiring a Phytosanitary Certificate ( standard
) include USA, Canada ( flasks), Israel, Vanuatu, New Zealand, Japan and
Countries that require additional declarations include Reunion,
Tahiti, Canada ( plants only), so an Import Permit must be supplied.
For details on other countries email click
here and lists will be emailed to you.
Do you set seed pods on your
treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed, you will then
know where to find them again.
IMPORTANT NOTE for USA importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for
a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports.
This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has
previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still CITES exempt.
here for the full details previously published.
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary
Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us
so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo
copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks
and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining
to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits
mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you. We recommend
that importers obtain all required permits for their country, in the long
run this saves a lot of trouble and redtape, to say nothing of wear and
tear on yourself and the orchids/flasks being imported.
Do you set seed pods on your
treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Bank Transfers by EFT. It has
come to our attention that some Banks when they Electronic Funds Transfer
may put the transfer thru an intermediary Bank. The originating Bank will
charge you their Fee, but the intermediary Bank also then deducts another
Customers should ask their
Bank about ALL Fees, as the customer has paid for a service, which is then
charged for again. Surely it is the originating Banks responsibility, and
cost, to complete the transaction that has been paid for by the customer.
More Photographs Up
Check out our web
2000 winner of "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
Message on the net.
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ORCHID GROWERS each month via this Newsletter, contact www.speciesorchids.com
can also be arranged. With in excess of 5000 visits to the website per
MONTH, you can get your message to active INTERNATIONAL orchid growers
ORCHID AUCTION ACTION
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
PLANTS BOOKS FLASKS
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive
rare plant or book !
Flasking medias; click
on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow
exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not
absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth
of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which
gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate
Non Absorbant Cottonwool NOW AVAILABLE in
375 gram rolls,
of SPECIES orchids.
Cal for the latest list of seed available in packets enough
to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides
with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there
is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
CONSERVATION BY PROPAGATION
Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready
to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter
as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email
Two ladies were discussing marriage.
One said "I've been married 4 times!!"
The first man was a wealthy businessman, the second was a poor actor,
the third was a clergyman and my current husband is an undertaker.
So it was really a matter of one for the money, two for the show,
three to get ready and four to go.
A man had great tickets for the State of Origin decider. As he sits
down, another man comes down and asks if anyone is sitting in the seat
next to him.
"No," he says. "The seat is empty."
"This is incredible!" said the man. "Who in their right mind would
have a seat like this for the 3rd and final Origin, the biggest sporting
event in the world, and not use it?"
He says, "Well, actually, the seat belongs to me. My wife was supposed
to come with me, but she passed away. This is the first State of Origin
we haven't been to together since we got married."
"Oh ... I'm sorry to hear that. That's terrible. But couldn't you find
someone else - a friend or relative, or even a neighbour to take the seat?
The man shakes his head...
"No. They're all at her funeral."
Laws of the Universe.
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Ian and Pat Walters,
Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa,
Email us at www.speciesorchids.com
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008
The journey of a thousand miles begins with a broken fan belt or a
It's always darkest before dawn. So if you're going to steal your neighbor's
newspaper, that's the time to do it.
Sex is like air. It's not important unless you aren't getting
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