NEWSLETTER March 2005
Care and culture..
Trichoglottis batanense Photo left.
Catasetum scurra, Cattleya labiata autumnalis,
Cattleya labiata var alba x suave, Cattleya warnerii. Laelia caulescens,
Neofinetia falcata, Trichoglottis latisepala, Cymbidium bicolor, Bulbophyllum
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in Flask. Top
scurra. An intermediate grower from
Central Amererica. Dwarf. Spikes of straw coloured, citron perfumed flowers
Cattleya labiata var autumnalis. The
autumn flowering form.
Cattleya labiata var alba x suave.
The labiate Cattleyas are best grown in a well drained pot or basket. The
media should be open so that it does not stay wet. These two forms offerlarhe
showy flowers at different times. The alba x suave is a white crossed pink
form that is particularly fragrant. Cattleya
Cattleya warnerii Large rose
pink fls, lip darker. Fragrant, good grower.
Laelia caulescens Rupicolus.
Sparkling 4cm fls, pink, dark pink purple.Disc yellow
Phalaenopsis aphrodite Flowers
to 7 cm, yellow. This is a very robust species and will develop into a
large plant. The flowers are a clean pure white and the plants like a slotted
pot or basket such as used for the the other large growing phalaenopsis.
Trichoglottis batanense Pendulous
leafy species, pale yellow flowers in clusters at the nodes. The labellum
is contrasting pink purple. Slab, basket culture with a good open media
works well and plants will develop into attractive clumps.
species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
in Plants. Top
Bulbophyllum Baileyii. Australia. Flowers to 3cm, yellow
finely spotted red. Robust grower like Bulb macranthum. See "Rampant
Bulbophyllums" for growing requirements. Specimen 3 plants on
a treefern slab.
Cymbidium bicolor. China. Yellow, buff yellow with burgandy,
purple brown stripes, multiflowered on long pendulous spike. Typical warm
growing Cymbidium will need a large pot or basket and lots of light.
Usual Cymbid mix. Near flowering size plants growing well in 12.5cm pots
falcatam, Dwarf, pure white waxy fls, spurred, fragrant. This Japanese
species will grow well in a small pot or basket. Cultivated in Japan in
spaghnam moss, it will also grow happily in small bark. In spag it is repotted
annually. Cool to intermediate grower, will take a lot of light,
latisepala, Pendulous leafy species, pink purple flowers in clusters
at the nodes. Slab, basket. An intermediate to warm growing species from
philippines, it is quite spectacular in flower when the stems get to a
couple of feet in length.
species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
to Replate. Top
The Catsetums ( and their allies Cycnoches and Mormodes)
should only be deflasked in Spring and early to mid summer.
If deflasked too close to winter it is difficult to maintain them over
the dormancy. C cool, I intermediate, W warm growing.
Catasetum barbatum I. Brazil Fls 5cm, greenish,
black purple flecks, lip with blunt projections
cernuum I. Brazil Large fls densely spotted chocolate
brown, lip marbled same.
Catasetum dodsoniana I.C. Mexico Green, veined
green perfect fls Catsetumm Clowesia. Dense spikes 5cm fls.
Catasetum expansum I. Venezuela Green, yellow
edges x white, red callus 10cm fls.
fimbriatum type form I. Brazil Yellow speckled brown,
yellow lip, fringed.
hookerae Brazil I. Brazil
Unusual, lip uppermost, green , green yellow wax like flowers.
Catasetum integerrimum I.C. Mexico Large green
fleshy fls, helmet type. Good grower.
laminatum I. Mexico Large flowers, pale yellw green
Catasetum luridum I. Cent Amer Large fls, yellow,
green yellow, dark green in lip throat.
Catasetum macrocarpum I. Brazil large fls, yellow
marked and blotched red purple.
pileatum 'Germany' I. Venezuela Large waxy green white,
waxy fls to 10 cm
Catasetum pileatum Red x self I.W. Brazil Selfing
of an awarded clone, heavily blotched red.
Catasetum pileatum white x red I.W. Brazil
Large ivory x cream blotched redpurple.
Catasetum sanguineum I.W. Venezuela. Green yellow
with much red spots/blotchs. Rare.
Catasetum sps affinis fuchsii I. Brazil Like
C.fuchsii, large yellow with red, purple red. New
Catasetum sps nova Aguirre I.C. Mexico Clowesia
section of Catasetum. A new species?. Grows well.
Catasetum tabulare I Colombia Rare
species. Fls to 5cm green blotched maroon, lip cream white.
tenebrosum I. Peru fls to 4cm, sepals,petals dark rich
redbrown, maroon, lip yellow.
Catasetum vinaceum I.W. Brazil Wine red coloured
fls. Protocorm from private collection Brazil.
species are available as well.
Because this genus produces seperate male and femal flowers, it
is very difficult to obtain seed of many species and we support the conservation
of orchid species by setting seed pods at every opportunity.
More photos at www.speciesorchids.com/photos.html
The perfect flowered Clowesias ( C.
scurra ), which have both male and female parts, are here included
in the genus, although the typical Catasetum species have seperate male
and female flowers.
Both types are grown exactly the same way.
Robust pseudobulbous leafy plants, the genus extends
from Mexico down to Brazil, with the section Clowesia primarily centered
To understand their culture, a view of their natural
occurrence shows a plant that germinates in the crevices or hollows of
trees and sometimes rock faces, where it grows in a rich decaying compost,
in a very seasonal climate of wet and dry.
During the wet humid weather, the plants rapidly
attain a large mature size to flower and reproduce in time for the next
wet humid season.
Plants growing in shady positions tend to produce
male flowers, while those in more exposed places like dead trees, produce
female flowers, probably to ensure survival of the species as old plants
and trees collapse and die.
In the seasonal dry, plants loose their leaves and
go dormant, to await the return of rains and humidity.
Thus cultivation in the orchid house is a matter
of potting in Spring and storing almost dry in winter. A feature that enables
these tropical plants to be grown anywhere, even in the coldest climate
as they are naturally dormant and can be stored during the non growing
Starting in Spring, a plant with a new lead of about
an inch or so high ( 2.5 cm) is repotted into a rich almost semiterrestrial
media in a small pot and placed in the orchid house. Maximum water and
fertiliser is then applied to promote the largest possible new growth.
Animal manure, well composted, is highly recommended, as is maximum sunlight
short of excessive sunburn, where high sunlight promotes the flowering.
After flowering and the fall of leaves, the plant,
now a cluster of pseudobulbs with rather spikey tops, can be removed
from the orchid house and even from its pot, to be keep out of the cold
and wet of winter.
With the approach of spring and the new lead, the
bulbs can be divided and so the growing starts again.
Many different medias have been used to grow this
genus, from spaghnam moss to bark, volcanic gravel, leaf mould and even
composted manure and mixtures of all these.
The range of flower forms and colours is remarkable,
the flowers are both showy and unique, and the plants will grow easily
if their dormancy is accomodated. A small effort for quite amazing flowers.
More photos at
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Cattleya, Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Laelia,
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Harvested the giant Bulbophyllum fletcherianum, Aerides
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The CATASETUMS are now being replated for the Northern
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See CULTURE: CATASETUMS
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